Vaginal cuff dehiscence, or separation of the vaginal incision, is a rare postoperative complication unique to hysterectomy. Morbidity related to evisceration of abdominal contents can be profound and prompt intervention is required. A year observational study of 11, patients described a 0. Laparoscopic 0. Cuff cellulitis, early sexual intercourse, cigarette smoking, poor nutrition, obesity, menopausal status, and corticosteroid use are all proposed risk factors that promote infection, pressure at the vaginal cuff, and poor wound healing. Although some are modifiable, the rarity of this complication has made establishing causality and promoting prevention challenging.
Study record managers: refer to the Data Element Definitions if submitting registration or results information. Operative site infection remains the most common complication after performing a gynecological procedure, and has a great implication in the morbidity and mortality of patients. Gynecological procedures, including laparoscopic hysterectomy, represent a unique challenge due to the amount of microorganisms found at the skin level of the vagina or the endocervix. However, there is no clear evidence that the complication decreases with the use of postoperative antibiotics. With the completion of this study, a multicentre triple-blind controlled randomized controlled trial is intended to determine the behavior of the application of this intervention. Patients who attend an outpatient clinic with benign pathology will be selected, in which indication of laparoscopic hysterectomy, consents are completed and research content is widely explained. Prior to surgery, the sample is taken for a gram of vaginal discharge and in the post-surgical phase delivery of the medication will be performed.
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